Loving the outsider

Second in the Solomon Series

Solomon was conceived as a way of consoling his mother after the miscarriage of his older brother. (2 Sam 12:24) The Lord had caused the miscarriage to mark King David's sin with Bathsheba. (2 Sam 12:15)

Bathsheba was the first wife of King David during his reign in Zion. Her four sons are first in the list of sons born to King David in Jerusalem. (1 Chr 3:5; 2 Sam 5:14)

Regarding David's sin with Bathsheba, from the outset he knew she was the wife of Uriah the Hittite and the daughter of Eliam who was the son of Ahithophel, a counselor of David. (2 Sam 11:3)

Uriah was a Canaanite by birth, a descendant of Heth, a son of Canaan, but he had sworn allegiance to King David and was one of the King's Mighty Men. He is in both listings of the Mighty Men. (1 Chr 11; 2 Sam 23)

How could David betray one of his Mighty Men? These were the faithful, zealous leaders who not only warred for him and protected his kingdom, but wanted to emulate him.

When David wanted Uriah to leave the battlefield to spend time with his wife, as a way of attributing Bathsheba's pregnancy to Uriah though David was the father, Uriah refused. His reasons were:
The ark, and Israel, and Judah, abide in tents; and my lord Joab, and the servants of my lord, are encamped in the open fields; shall I then go into mine house, to eat and to drink, and to lie with my wife? [as] thou livest, and [as] thy soul liveth, I will not do this thing. - 2 Sam 11:11

It seems that Uriah was a true Jew and an honorable man.

Were there other Canaanites among the mighty men, or was Uriah the only "black sheep"? A study of the 2 Samuel list reveals that the men were Israelites to the extent that their identities were tied to tribes and places within Israel, except for Zelek, the Ammonite (Ammon was outside Israel's border). In the 1 Chronicles list, there are some places of unknown origin and a Moabite is mentioned, but no other Canaanites, to the best of my research. (Moab and Ammon were cousins, not Canaanites. Igal the son of Nathan of Zobah, which is northeast of Damascus, is considered an Israelite in Easton's Bible Dictionary.)

Did David harbor an innate prejudice against Canaanites of any stripe, even when they turned to his God? Did he not love the outsider who had become his true brother?

And why did Joab, the commander of the Mighty Men, agree to have Uriah killed by putting him on the front line in battle, as David asked him? Joab was David's nephew, yet he had a mind of his own--and that fact could fuel a lengthy Bible study-- so it's likely he later regretted his acquiescence.

The sins piled up:

  1. Lust of the eyes - David saw Bathsheba and wanted her. (2 Sam 11:2)
  2. Lust of the flesh - He was so set on having her that he did not care that she was the wife of one of his Mighty Men. (2 Sam 11:3)
  3. Sins of omission - David did not love Uriah, his loyal friend.
  4. Adultery - (2 Sam 11:4)
  5. Cowardice - David did not claim his child when he found Bathsheba was pregnant. (2 Sam 11:5)
  6. Hypocrisy, lying - David pretended to desire Uriah's good when he really only wanted to cover over his own sin. (2 Sam 11:6..)
  7. Treachery - David betrayed Uriah by having him put on the front line to assure his death. (2 Sam 11:15)
  8. Abusing Joab - Involving Joab, a family member and leader who looked to him as an example, in a murderous plot; then excusing his role in the murder as though that were his privilege. (2 Sam 11:25)
  9. Murder
  10. Lack of repentance - Initially, David only took Bathsheba as a wife, but he did not confess his sin. (2 Sam 11:27)

Thus, the birth of Solomon was preceded by disastrous sin and gloom, but his arrival signaled the beginning of a new era. The King was not put to death for his sins! (2 Sam 12:13) Grace and mercy had entered to save David, foreshadowing the work of Christ. It was now 1000 BC, a thousand years before the birth of Jesus.

Repentance never fails

First in the Solomon Series

O Solomon, Solomon, from the heights to the depths, and then back to a level place, but never again to the heights?

We see you in history, the second son of King David and Bathsheba, replacing the child conceived when Bathsheba was Uriah's wife.

Called from your birth Jedidiah, "Beloved of Jehovah," Nathan prophesied the upswing of your life and confirmed that there was real repentance in your father's heart for his sins against Uriah and God. (2 Sam 12:25) His repentance cast a brilliancy on your life to save you from meaninglessness (Ec 1:2 et al) after your downturn.

Here begins a study of Solomon...

  • Author of Proverbs, Song of Songs and Ecclesiastes
  • The first son of David born when he was king in Jerusalem
  • The builder of the Temple, and
  • The last king of the undivided kingdom.

A warning from the past

Solomonic: marked by notable wisdom, reasonableness, or discretion especially under trying circumstances. (from the Merriam-Webster dictionary)

During the late winter and in spring of 2012 I pursued a Bible study on Solomon, creating a Solomon Series on SisterSite. SisterSite was offline for a time, and reappeared in Spring 2017. Recently I edited some of the posts of the Solomon Series and will republish it now. A general outline follows.

  • Posts 1 - 8
    • Understanding how David's sins and repentance affected the path of Solomon
    • Learning more about David's advice to Solomon when he became king, and studying the history of how it was implemented
  • Post 9
    • Acknowledging that Solomon is not a popular Bible figure among commentators but encouraging appreciation for him
  • Posts 10 - 11
    • More about Solomon, the master builder and man
  • Posts 12 - 17
    • Solomon's downturn, why, how far he fell; application to our lives with a suggestion that the Song of Songs may serve to warn the wise
  • Posts 18 - 20
    • A review of Solomon's insights, angst and repentance expressed in Ecclesiastes, and of two Psalms related to his reign
  • Post 21
    • A view to Solomon's proverbs, all which he attributed to the One Shepherd (Ec 12:11)

Solomon's final warning to his son at the end of Ecclesiastes is: Fear God, and keep his commandments: for this is the whole duty of man. For God shall bring every work into judgment, with every secret thing, whether it be good, or whether it be evil. (Ec 12:13, 14) This is a good warning.

Attention Readers

Have you visited the Biotech Blog on this website? Find information and resources to help you think about biotech as a Christian.

During the summer of 2017, I explored the topic of kidney donation. Is it right for a society to permit that? To encourage it? What do you think? Read the Live Kidney Donation Series!

Should you sign your driver’s license to be an organ donor? Is cremation OK with God? Do these practices undermine the Christian doctrine of the Resurrection?

Learn more. The conscience cannot function without facts.


Ye are the light of the world. A city that is set on an hill cannot be hid. -Mat 5:14

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