Churches speak out on organ donation

Are your kidneys available to me? - Second in a series

News about advance directivesResearchers tell us that a little over a third of Americans have an Advance Directive. Among those with a chronic illness, only about 38% do.

This may indicate that people don’t like to think about end-of-life matters, or that we really are not sure what to state about some issues, or both.

Perhaps if we had firm convictions about organ donation, we would state them. Can the Church help us out?

On the Christian Biowiki, we find a listing of Christian denominations in alpha order with their position statements on bioethical issues. At the top of the list is the Alliance of Baptists. They call for:

A faith-based commitment to sexual and reproductive rights, including access to voluntary contraception, abortion, and HIV/STI prevention and treatment.

Bible-believing Christians would consider this statement to be wrongheaded. And it has no comment on organ donation. Often Christian denominations have extensive statements on social justice but it seems the bio-medical dilemmas have caught us by surprise.

Another denomination, the Church of the Nazarene, succinctly states:

[The Church] believes in the sanctity of human life and strives to protect against abortion, embryonic stem cell research, euthanasia, and the withholding of reasonable medical care to handicapped or elderly … and … encourages its members who do not object personally to support donor/recipient anatomical organs through living wills and trusts… we appeal for a morally and ethically fair distribution of organs to those qualified to receive them. (2001)

This statement does not speak to the live donor of a kidney. It only addresses the supposed dead donor. A member of that denomination would still need to find out if it is OK with God for a living person to donate a kidney.

Mennonites state:

We commit ourselves to completing advance directives (e.g., living wills and proxies) as an affirmation of our beliefs about life and death and as a symbol of our commitment to stewardship and justice.

This is interesting, considering that an advance directive likely will require the signee to make known if he or she wishes to be an organ donor. So, again, where is the guidance? Perhaps it is understood among the members, but I’m guessing it is unclear to them.

The Southern Baptist Convention has a fairly comprehensive affirmation about organ donation, and their website includes a Resolution on Human Organ Donations, formulated in 1988.

WHEREAS, Organ procurement for transplantation falls far short of demand; and
WHEREAS, Organ transplant technology has transformed many lives from certain death to vibrant productivity; and
WHEREAS, A Gallup poll reported in the New York Times May 3, 1987, that 82% of respondents would donate adult relatives' organs in appropriate situations, but only 20% had completed a donor card; and
WHEREAS, Complete resurrection of the body does not depend on bodily wholeness at death; and
WHEREAS, The values of a godless society promote self-sufficiency to such a degree that people are indifferent to the needs of others, as seen in resistance to organ donations; and
WHEREAS, Organ donation for research or transplantation is a matter of personal conscience.
Therefore be it RESOLVED, That we, the messengers of the Southern Baptist Convention meeting in San Antonio, Texas, June 14-16, 1988, encourage physicians to request organ donation in appropriate circumstances…

This type of statement troubles me. Here, a conservative Christian denomination approves of organ donation even while recognizing it may be objectionable to an individual’s conscience.

Which is it? OK or not? OK for you if you think it is? That is not helpful. You have told the person who can’t figure it out, that it is fine as long as it feels right. What if we used that same approach with the abortion issue? Imagine the outcry!

The problem is, these new biomedical practices are not familiar to us. They have been legalized and government funded so we accept them as safe and advisable. There are movements and organizations urging us to adopt them as our way of life. Our churches debate and promote them, generally. Yet, there is a gray area.

As noted already, the focus of this blog series is only on kidney donation, not organ transplantation whether from living or dead donors. These are separate categories though they have much in common. Probably, church position statements need to address both scenarios.

I personally know of a pastor who ended his service recently by announcing he was on a waiting list for a kidney. This was in a Bible-believing, protestant denomination. He is in his 60s. Will anyone in his congregation step forward to be that donor? Would you?

If you want to do further research on the positions that religions and religious denominations hold on organ donation, here are some links. I have not found a Christian denomination that opposes organ donation.

If you, as a Christian, oppose organ donation, you are swimming upstream. But really, are you salt and light if you are an organ donor, and in particular, a kidney donor? If you refuse to be one, are you unloving and unreasonable? After all, you only need one kidney.

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Is it OK to donate a kidney?

Are your kidneys available to me? - First in a series

The About (home) page of Biotech blog begins with a question: Is it OK to donate a kidney?

If you are asked to donate one of yours, would you? Humans have two kidneys and it is possible to live with one.

How would you advise your friend or family member? What does God think about kidney donation?

Medical authorities state there is a vast and crying need for donations. Why wouldn’t you donate?

About four years ago I wrote a blog series that I later converted to an ebook, Flesh & Bone & The Protestant Conscience (on Amazon now) and in pdf form on this site. In it I explored many of today’s biomedical practices such as organ donation as they relate to Christian ethics.

One purpose of the ebook’s title was to provoke any with Protestant roots or orientation to think about these issues from the perspective of God’s Word. Many Catholics today also read God’s Word but their doctrines and opinions still are guided by church tradition and hierarchy, whereas the Protestant is free to draw conclusions based solely on the revealed Word of God.

Because transplanting kidneys from living donors is commonplace and accepted, it seems a little late to ask: Is it right for a society to permit kidney donation? Nevertheless we will attempt to answer that question in this series. In the ebook (revised and updated in 2019) there is more discussion on live and dead donors which is an aspect of the ethical framework, but here we will focus on the live donor.

This more intensive look into kidney donation than is in the ebook, is to help clear up any fuzzy thinking. Perhaps it may help you to form an opinion. You never know when you may be asked to be a donor, and if you have signed your driver’s license, you already are a prospective one.

In preparing for this series I have enjoyed reading articles by and about those who confront this issue daily or have a vested interest in it. One, anthropologist Nancy Scheper-Hughes, has traveled broadly to discover the occurrences of kidney donation by living donors.

Nancy Scheper-Hughes with patient

The photo (a screenshot from the referenced webpage) shows her interviewing a man from Brazil who donated a kidney to a woman from Brooklyn. She found that “human organs and tissue generally moved from south to north, from the poor to the rich, and from brown-skinned to lighter-skinned people.” (ref)

Are today’s medical ethics Christian or pagan? Are Protestant ethics your ethics? In the next post we will look at societal and churches’ views on organ donation.


Angel fish
Public Domain, Link

...and every living creature that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their kind, and every winged fowl after his kind ... the living creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the earth after his kind ...the beast of the earth after his kind, and cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth after his kind: and God saw that it was good. -Genesis 1


A SistersSite eBook

Flesh and Bone and The Protestant Conscience is an e-book on It is 99¢ and in the Amazon lending library as well. It is also available here in PDF format. The book description follows.

Would you let your conscience be your guide?

Does God care if the skin and bone of the dead are passed along to the living for medical uses? Is organ donation OK with God? Should you sign a Living Will?

Did you know that dead organ donors are often anesthetized before their organs are removed? Do you know the current definition of death? The conscience cannot function without facts.

As we ponder the ethics of in vitro fertilization, stem cell research and man-made chimeras, our thoughts trail off. How then should we live? (Ez 33:10)

How should a Christian think about euthanasia by starvation when doctors and the state attorney general all agree it is time to withhold feeding from a brain injured patient? Some things are family matters, but someday it may be our family.

Here is a small book to help you think about whether you want to sign your driver's license, donate a kidney, cremate your loved one, and many other practical questions that may arise in the course of your healthcare decisions or watch over others.

It offers a special focus on the doctrine of the Resurrection that is related to such decisions. Sunday School classes and Bible Study groups could use this book to facilitate discussion about the issues covered.